Present Perfect Continuous
We use have/has plus been plus the -ing form of the main verb.
|1. I have been working||1. We have been working|
|2. You have been working||2. You have been working|
|3. He/She/It has been working||3. They have been working|
Note that it is uncommon to use the Present Perfect Continuous in negative form. We usually use the Present Perfect.
Example: I haven’t talked to my friend for a week instead of I haven’t been talking to my friend for a week.
However, if you need to use the negative form, then just put the negative particle not after have or has ( haven’t/hasn’t been + – ing).
We change tha place of have or has and the subject of the sentence to form questions.
|1. Have I been working?||1. Have we been working?|
|2. Have you been working?||2. Have you been working?|
|3. Has he/she/it been working?||3. Have they been working?|
We use the Present Perfect Continuous for:
- ACTIONS THAT STARTED IN THE PAST AND CONTINUE UP TO NOW. ( with since and for) However, if you use a state verb, then you must put it into the Present Perfect. ( see Present Perfect)
Example: I have been reading for three hours. She has been cooking since 5 p.m.
2. FOR RECENTLY COMPLETED CONTINUOUS ACTIONS, THE RESULT OF WHICH IS VISIBLE NOW. ( with all day, all morning etc.)
Example: She is tired. (result) She has been working all day. He is exhausted (result). He has been studying all morning.
Do the quiz here